Signal Corps in the Army of the Cumberland
Being an 1864 narration of the operations of the Signal Corps
focusing on the operations surrounding the battle of Stones River
known as the Battle of
Through the Chickamauga
From the ANNALS of the ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND
Being the introduction to the
volume whereby John Fitch establishes the content of the tome.
Page 303 being our page
one in which:
The compostion of the Signal Corps is revealed.
The security of the Signal Corps is demonstrated.
The Reason for the
Signal Corps existence in The Army of the Cumberland.
The use of the Marine
Glasses and Telescopes is shown.
The officership of the Corps is documented.
The actions prior to and during the battle of Stones River are outlined.
Page 304 being our page
two in which:
The locations of the signal stations are established
for the battle of Murfreesbourough.
The compostion of the Signal Telegraph
AKA Flying Telegraph AKA Beardslee Telegraph wagons is made known.
superiority of the Signal Telegraph over other telegraph systems is clearly
The links from Army Headquarters are shown to reach to each Corps
with the Signal Telegraph.
The number of lines used is demonstrated.
type of insulation covering the wire is clearly established.
The length of a
section of wire is stated.
Page 305 being our page three in which:
The method of paying out the wire is demonstrated.
The statement is
made that the Beardslee was of great value in the Army of the Potomac.
statement that the Beardslee was of inestimable service at Fredricksburg.
The principle use of the Beardslee with the Army of the Cumberland is noted.
The general use of the flags and torches is given without revealing any
The description of the use of the signal system from the cupola of
the court-house at Murfreesborough is given.
The distance to communicate to
Fort Transit given as nine and one-half miles by flag and torch.
distance to communicate to Triune given as seventeen and one-half miles by flag
The mounting of the telescope is noted.
Page 306 being our page four in which:
The method used by the Officer in Charge to instruct the flag or torch
bearer is revealed.
The use of the black with white center flag is noted.
The use of the white with red center flag is noted.
The use of the ALL
RED flag for signal work is noted.
The fact that there are two stations side
by side in the cupola is made known to us.
The use of a mechanical bell to
call the Officer in Charge is explained.
The reason for retaining a copy of
the messages is explained.
The replacement of the orderly, messenger or
runner by the use of the Beardslee telegraph located at the signal station is
The compromise of the pre-war signal system is noted.
existence of the rebel signal system is mentioned as being under Alexander.
Page 307 being our page five in which:
The differences between the Navy and Army systems is noted.
astonishing speed of the Signal Corps is demonstrated with a practical example.
The promise of the Beardslee AKA "field telegraph" to make the speed even
better is mentioned.
The need for constant practice is made note of.
confining nature of signal duties is explained.
The boredom of signal duties
The distance of twenty-seven miles between Triune and Pilot
Knob is covered by flag and torch in clear weather.
The distance of
twenty-five miles between Pilot Knob and Lavergne is coverd by flag and torch in
The distance of forty-five miles between Pilot Knob and
Nashville is less reliably covered by flag and torch in clear weather.
use of the Signal Officers as scouts is explained.
Page 308 being or page
six and our last page in which:
The direction of the Signal Corps
of the Army of the Cumberland under Captain Jesse Merrill is noted.
The Murfreesborough station
is noted to be under the command of
Captain C.R. Case and T.J. Kelly.
The Telegraphic Train is noted to be
under the command of lieutenant D. Wonderly and assisted by Lieutenants S.F.
Reber and D.F. Davis.
The fact that the Corps in the Department constists of
about forty officers and about one-hundred and forty enlisted men.
value of the Signal Corps is noted.